Simple Diabetes Treatments Worth Saving
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes you probably manage a tightrope every day since you have to balance your diet, your food intake, your exercise levels, and your medication. All these can help you stay healthy and even prolong your life. When you suffer from type 2 diabetes you know that your body needs help to make insulin and oral medications are required. Both diet and exercise also go a long way in controlling your diabetes.
Here are some treatment options that are now available.
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Take the Right Medicines in the Prescribed Dosage
When you have type 2 diabetes, your body is actually making insulin, only it is not enough. Various drug therapies are used for the insulin levels to stabilize. These include
- Metformin – this is the generic name of the drug that comes under different brand names. The purpose of this medicine is that it tells the liver not to get rid of the insulin that is present.
- Meglitinides or sulfonylureas – these tell your pancreas to make more insulin.
- DPP-4 inhibitors – there are different kinds of these and they help the body decrease blood glucose levels.
- GLP-1 receptor agonists – they reduce the pace of digestion and so help lower blood sugar levels.
- SGLT2 inhibitors – fairly new, these work by preventing the kidneys from re-absorbing the sugar in the blood.
Most of these are used in a combination therapy, depending on your individual parameters and your body’s response to the drugs.
Diet and Food
The kind and amount of food you eat has a direct impact on diabetes management. If you have marginally high blood sugar levels, sometimes diet alone can reduce your sugar levels, so you can avoid medicines.
It is necessary that you restrict your carbohydrate intake and also eat low glycemic index foods that take longer to digest. At the same do not eat too much at one meal, but eat small meals frequently, particularly if you are taking medicines for diabetes.
You should also avoid saturated fats including packaged foods that contain hidden sources of saturated fats. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables as these are relatively lower in calories. It is imperative that you avoid refined and processed foods, sugars, simple carbohydrates and alcohol.
Exercise and Fitness
While you should exercise to stay healthy and be fit generally, as part of diabetes management, exercise plays a valuable part in managing sugar levels. If diabetic, know that high intensity interval training and even weight lifting and fast running can keep your blood sugar levels steady. When the levels fluctuate there is a greater risk of many health problems.
You must exercise at least 150 minutes a week. If you are overweight, then exercise (along with diet) can also help you lose weight and again this goes a long way in better health even if you are diabetic. It is all the more important to make sure you don’t get dehydrated when exercising.
Monitoring Blood Sugar Levels
When you want to stay on top of your diabetes to improve your health, don’t forget about monitoring blood sugar levels on a regular basis. In the initial stages and when you start any new diet, exercise or medicine it is best to monitor your levels daily.
Once your levels have stabilized, you can get away by checking your levels weekly and increasing the duration between tests.
When you decide that you are in charge of your health when you have diabetes and you will do everything you can to keep your sugar levels under control, you will feel better physically and mentally.
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